100205 Recount Text: Definition, Purposes, Generic Structures, Language Features

Adek-adek pernah jalan jalan, ke kebun binatang atau ke pantai misalnya. Atau mengalami suatu kejadian yang menyenangkan atau menyedihkan, pernah? Cerita mengenai sebuah pengalaman ke suatu tempat, atau mengalami kejadian yang menyedihkan atau menyenangkan itu namanya Recount Text. Jadi recount itu adalah sebuah cerita tentang pengalaman yang dialami seseorang dimasa lampau. Do you understand?

O ya, Biography orang terkenal pun termasuk kedalam jenis teks recount.

  • Definition of Recount Text

Recount text is a text that telling the reader about one story, action or activity. Its goal is to entertaining or informing the reader.

or

Recount text is a text which retells event or experiences in the past.

  • Generic Structure of Recount Text
  1. Orientation.

It gives the readers the background information needed to understand the text, such as who was involved, where it happened, and when it happened.

      2. Events

A series of events, ordered in a chronological sequence.

      3. Re-orientation

A personal comment about the event or what happened in the end.

The Characteristics/Language Feature of Recount Text:

  • Using the simple past tense, past continuous tense, past perfect tense, and past perfect continuous tense.
  • Using temporal sequence, e.g. On Saturday. On Monday, On Sunday
  • Focus on specific participant, e.g. I (the writer)
  • Using the conjunctions, such as: then, before, after, etc.
  • Using action verb, e.g. went, stayed

Read the texts carefully

Being Late

This morning, Dinar, my roommate woke up late and she had to go to campus.

When she wanted to take her motorcycle, in fact she couldn’t move it because there were some other motorcycles that blocked up her motorcycle.

She tried to move all of the motorcycles, so that her motorcycle could move from the garage. But she couldn’t do it.

Then, she called Adel whose motorcycle blocked it up. After that, her friend who owned the  motorcycle helped her. Finally, she could move her motorcycle and rode it up to the campus.

A Beautiful Day in Yogja

By Arsianti Dewi

Last week, my friends and I went to Yogja. We visited many places.

First, we visited Parangtritis beach. The sun shone brightly and the scenery was very beautiful there. We felt the wind blew across to us. We also saw a lot of people in that beach. There were many birds flew in the sky. Also, there were many sellers who sold many kinds of souvenirs.

Second, we visited Gembira Loka Zoo. We saw many kinds of animals there such as monkeys, tigers, crocodiles, snakes, etc. We looked around in that Zoo, and also took pictures of those animals. Then, we felt hungry, so we went to a restaurant. As soon as we finished our lunch, we decided to go home.

For me, that was a beautiful day though I could not visit Mallioboro. We really enjoyed it, and I hope I could visit Yogja again.

A Page from A Girl’s Diary

by Pratama Lysa Hapsari

It was takbiran night. It was also my birthday, and nothing happened. Or I had thought nothing would happen, but I was wrong.

That night, I was watching television with my family when I heard someone lit fireworks in my front yard. I peeped through my window glass but could see nothing. It was very dark outside. Then I thought it had to be my cousins who lit the fireworks. Then I plopped down on my sofa again and tried to concentrate on the television since my mind raced with disappointment that no one gave something special on my birthday.

I shrugged, it was almost the end of the day and I became pessimist. Five minutes later my mobile beeped. It was a text from my friend asking me to come out. Wondering what was going on, I grabbed my jacket and hurried to the front door. I was surprised to see her bring a bag full of firework and fire drills. Next I was surprised to see my other friend come out from the darkness. She brought a beautiful birthday cake on her hands. Oh my God! I shrieked. Then they gave the cake to me who was too stunned to say anything. I realized I was blushing furiously because my whole family was watching. Not to mention my neighbors too!

A plain day, or I thought it was before, turned out to be one of the greatest moment in my life. I didn’t even know how to describe what I felt. Happy was the simplest word.

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120208-Review Text; Definition, Generic Structures, Purposes, Language Features

Halo everybody

Have you reviewed things, movies or something? If you have not, have you seen a movie review or a book? You can see examples of review text on newspapers that show movie or book reviews, as an illustration of what the Review Text is

Review Text is supposedly the last English lesson of high school level. If you could not make an example of review text, it can be said that have not passed National Exams, especially for English lessons. Do not want to be said you can’t pass the exam?

Therefore, in order not to “be considered” to be fail in the journey during school, let us learn again what and how review the text is. Ready?

Definition of Review Text

Review text is an evaluation of a publication, such as a movie, video game, musical composition, book; a piece of hardware like a car, home appliance, or computer; or an event or performance, such as a live music concert, a play, musical theatre show or dance show.

Generic Structure of Review Text

  • Orientation : Background information of the text.
  • Evaluations : Concluding statement : judgement, opinion, or recommendation. It can consist of more than one.
  • Interpretative Recount : Summary of an art works including character and plot.
  • Evaluative Summation : The last opinion consisting the appraisal or the punch line of the art works being criticized.

In other word :

Orientation : places the work in its general and particular context, often by comparing it with others of its kind or through an analog with a non–art object or event.

Interpretive Recount : summarize the plot and/or providers an account of how the reviewed rendition of the work came into being

Evaluation : provides an evaluation of the work and/or its performance or production; is usually recursive

Actually, the generic structure of text review does not have to be exactly same as above, perhaps for the reason of “summarizing” the lesson, so the three or four generic structure above just become general description about the structure in review text, okay.

Still confused? I also still confused.. 🙂 OK. let’s just discuss some examples of review text, which is hopefully can understand more about text reviews.

But before go to the example of review text, let’s discuss about its purpose and language features.

Purpose of Review Text

Review text is used to evaluate/review/critic the events or art works for the reader or listener, such as movies, shows, book, and others.

Language Features of Review Text

  • – Present tense.
  • – Using long and complex clauses

I Just mention those language feature of review text above because those are the main language feature of review text that can be used to identify review text easily.

Example of review text film the amazing spiderman 2

Introduction

I will start by saying that I am a huge fan of Spider-man. I love all the trilogies worked by Raimi (yes, even the Spider-man 3) but I do not like the The Amazing Spiderman 1. I was skeptical when I wanted to watch this movie, but I was wrong and I think this second sequel is really great. Unlike its predecessor, this film is full of action, humor, and emotional. Played by the big players, the story is well-written. The action is really spectacular and the final scene makes me satisfied.

Evaluation 1 / Interpretation

The story begins when Peter Parker (Andrew Garfield) struggled to maintain his relationship with Gwen (Emma Stone) after her father’s death. His actions also causes the emergence of a new enemy, Electro, a villain played by James Foxx. Peter also continue to investigate what happened to his father and reunited with his old friend, Harry Osborn. This movie is ended by the death of Gwen that makes the audience will be very emotional and sad.

Evaluation 2

However I have to criticize about this film addressed to Paul Giamatti who plays Rhino. His appearance is too over. His acting also does not show that he is a feared villain. It would be a serious problem for the next Spiderman series. So I hope he can improve his acting better than before.

Summary

Overall, I think this is the best superhero movie since the appearance of The Dark Knight Rises. The script is well-written and convincing. I am sure the next series will be outstanding superhero movie. I recommend this movie to anyone who loves Spider-man or other superhero movies.

 

http://britishcourse.com/review-text-definition-generic-structures-purposes-language-features.php

100208-Report text : Definition, Purposes, Generic Structures, Language Features

Report text adalah sebuah teks yang menghadirkan informasi tentang suatu hal secara apa adanya. Genre atau jenis text ini memang ada kesamaan dengan descriptive text yaitu, baik descriptive text dan report text sama sama memberikan gambaran secara langsung tentang seseorang atau suatu benda. Perbedaannya adalah jika kita berbicara tentang benda atau seseorang secara spesifik seperti warna, style, nama, dsb, itu disebut descriptive. Dan apabila kita berbicara tentang benda atau seseorang secara umum yang meliputi bagian-bagiannya, kekuatannya, fungsinya, atau sifat umum lain dari benda atau seseorang itu disebut report.

Definition of Report text

Report is a text which presents information about something, as it is. It is as a result of systematic observation and analyses. (Report adalah sebuah teks yang menghadirkan informasi tentang suatu hal secara apa adanya. Teks ini adalah sebagai hasil dari observasi dan analisa secara sistematis.)

Generic Structure of Report text

  • General Clasification ; Stating classification of general aspect of thing; animal, public place, plant, etc which will be discussed in general (Menyatakan klasifikasi aspek umum hal; hewan, tempat umum, tanaman, dll yang akan dibahas secara umum).
  • Description : tells what the phenomenon under discussion ; in terms of parts, qualities, habits or behaviors. (Pada bagian ini biasanya memberikan gambaran fenomena-fenomena yang terjadi; baik bagian-bagiannya, sifat-sifatnya, kebiasaannya, ataupun tingkah lakunya. Intinya adalah penjabaran dari klasifikasi yang disajikan dengan ilmiah.)

Purpose of Report text

Its social purpose is presenting information about something. They generally describe an entire class of things, whether natural or made: mammals, the planets, rocks, plants, countries of region, culture, transportation, and so on.

The Characteristics / Language Feature of Report text:

  • Use of general nouns, eg hunting dogs, rather than particular nouns, eg our dog;
  • Use of relating verbs to describe features, eg Molecules are tiny particles;
  • Some use of action verbs when describing behaviour, eg Emus cannot fly;
  • Use of timeless present tense to indicate usualness, eg Tropical cyclones always begin over the sea;
  • Use of technical terms, eg Isobars are lines drawn on a weather map;
  • Use of paragraphs with topic sentences to organise bundles of information; repeated naming of the topic as the beginning focus of the clause.

Keterangan :

  • General nouns, maksudnya adalah, suatu benda (baik itu hidup atau mati) yang bersifat umum. Coba bandingkan : Hunting dogs >< My dog. Hunting dogs bersifat umum; sedangkan my dog bersifat khusus. – Relating verbs, dalam grammar disebut juga dengan linking verbs. Seperti to be [is, am, are: present], seem, look, taste dan lain sebagainya. – Timeless present tense adalah salah satu penanda waktu dalam simple present seperti “often, usually, always” dan lain-lain. – Technical terms, maksudnya adalah istilah-istilah yang meliputi teks report tersebut. Misalnya tentang “music” maka, istilah-istilah musik harus ada. Read the text below, and see the translation.

Thanksgiving Day

Thanksgiving or Thanksgiving Day is a celebration of harvest, thankfulness for peace, and the attempt of Native Americans. It is usually celebrated in late autumn.

(Thanksgiving atau Hari Thanksgiving adalah perayaan panen, syukur untuk perdamaian, dan upaya penduduk asli Amerika. Hal ini biasanya dirayakan di akhir musim gugur)

In the past, Thanksgiving was celebrated for their rich harvest in New England. In North America, however, it was originally held to thank God for their survival in the new land which was not easy for them. However, in Canada, it had been celebrated as in New England. Thanksgiving now is celebrated in United States of America and in Canada. Thanksgiving festivals are held every fourth Thursday of November in the U.S and on the second Monday of October in Canada. It is usually celebrated in four to five days in the North America and for three days in Canada.

(Di masa lalu, Thanksgiving dirayakan untuk panen kaya mereka di New England. Namun di Amerika Utara, pada awalnya diadakan untuk bersyukur kepada Tuhan untuk kelangsungan hidup mereka di tanah baru yang tidak mudah bagi mereka. Namun, di Kanada, itu telah dirayakan sebagaimana di New England. Thanksgiving sekarang dirayakan di Amerika Serikat dan di Kanada. Festival Thanksgiving diadakan setiap Kamis keempat bulan November di Amerika Serikat dan pada hari Senin kedua bulan Oktober di Kanada. Hal ini biasanya dirayakan dalam empat sampai lima hari di Amerika Utara dan selama tiga hari di Kanada.)

It is celebrated through families and friends gathering to eat and give good luck. Turkey is the main dish in the thanksgiving dinner. Thanksgiving parades are also usually held. In Thanksgiving homes are decorated with wreaths, fresh and dried flowers. Lamps are lighted to brighten the environment. Tables are decorated with best china and antique silver dishes to mark the occasion.

(Hal ini dirayakan seluruh keluarga dan teman-teman yang berkumpul untuk makan dan memberikan keberuntungan. Ayam jago adalah hidangan utama di makan malam Thanksgiving. Parade Thanksgiving juga biasanya diadakan. Dalam Thanksgiving rumah yang dihiasi dengan karangan bunga, bunga segar dan kering. Lampu dinyalakan untuk mencerahkan lingkungan. Tabel dihiasi dengan piring perak antik dan yang terbaik dari China untuk menandai peristiwa.)

Note :

Thanksgiving : Syukuran atau Selamatan

Pigeon

Pigeon refers to all birds of the family Columbidae and order Columbiformes. They consist of 310 species. Some people may also know them as “Doves”. There is no clear distinction between the use of the word “pigeons” and “doves” until today. But generally, the word “Pigeons” is used to address the species known as the Rock Dove, while the word “Doves” is used to address a pigeon that is white.

Pigeons exhibit various size and color based on their species. The smallest species may have the size of 15 cm and weight 30 g, while the largest species can grow up to 75 cm with the body weight of 2 kg. Some of their color are: pale gray, white, brown, reddish and black. Most of them have two black bars on their wings. They have a small head with short beak. Their body is compact with two large and muscular wings and two short legs on it.

Pigeons can be found almost in any region in the world. They have been domesticated since 10.000 years ago. they have been used by humans for several purposes such as courier to deliver short written messages, sacred symbols in a wedding ceremony, entertainment in a magic show and also as a racing birds. Some species are also edible and they are served as food in some places.

Honey Bee

Honey bee is the name given to some species of bees who have the ability to produce honey and beeswax. Of all 20.000 species of bees in the world, there are only seven species which belong to the group of honey bee. They are insect and all of them belong to the genus Apis. One of the most famous honey bee is the Western Honey Bee.

There are three castes of honey bee and each of them has their own job or function. The first one is the Queen. The queen is a female honey bee with the job to lay eggs and to be the mother of all bees in the colony. There is only one queen in a colony of bees. An exclusive food called “royal jelly” is what makes a female honey bee grow larger than other honey bees and became the queen. The second one is the Workers. The workers are all female honey bees in a colony except the queen. They can consist of as much as 60.000 bees in single colony. Some of their duties are: feeding the brood, collecting food, receiving nectar, cleaning the hive, guard duty, producing honey and also producing beeswax. The third one is the Drones. Drones are all male bees in a colony. The drones have one job only and that is to fertilize the queen during the mating process and will soon be dead after that.

The largest species of bee in the world is the Indonesian resin bee who can grow up to the size of 39 millimeters and the smallest species is the Dwarf sting-less bees with the size of 2 millimeters. They have the typical body of an insect with three sections: the head, thorax and abdomen. They have two large eyes, two antenna, a mouth and a long proboscis on their head. They use the proboscis to suck up nectar from a flower which later be kept on their hind legs. There are three pairs of legs and two pairs of wings on their thorax. There are nine segments on their abdomen and the last three segments is modified into the sting.

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