12-02-06: Discussion Text.

Halo everybody.

Do you ever discuss??? Huh, I’m sure my friends must be familiar with the discussion, and often do it. We often discuss to find a solution of a problem faced. In the discussion, of course there are pros and cons. Because the discussion is actually to get consensus or agreement from others. We do discussion not only in the world of education, but we also often discuss for small things like asking for opinions. Well, actually one of English genre of text that is Discussion Text brings the same discourse as when we discuss something.

When we discuss about a matter, of course in our discussion there are various arguments / opinions. Likewise in Discussion Text, this text has two different opinions; one, agreeable opinion and, two, disagreeable opinions. Therefore we must have a broad view of a problem if we want to make a discussion text.

For more details, let’s one by one discuss what we should understand in studying Discussion Text.

Definition of Discussion Text

Discussion is a process of finding common ground between two different thoughts, views or opinions. And discussion text can be defined :

Discussion text is a text which presents a problematic discourse. This problem will be discussed from different viewpoints. Discussion is commonly found in philosophical, historic, and social text. In other word, Discussion is a kind of genre used to present (at least) two points of view about an issue.

General structure of Discussion Text

– Issue : stating the issue which is to discussed

– Argument pro : presenting the point in in supporting the presented issue

– Argument cons : presenting other points which disagree to the supporting point

– Conclusion / recommendation : stating the writer’ recommendation of the discourse

Purpose of Discussion text

– To present two points of view about issue or problem.

– To present arguments from differing points of view about issue or problem..

Language feature of Discussion text

– Introducing category or generic participant

– Using thinking verb; feel, hope, believe, etc

– Using contrast conjunction; however, on the other hand, but, in other side, although, etc

– Using modalities; must, should, could, may, etc

– Using adverbial of manner; deliberately, hopefully, etc

– Simple present

Examples of Discussion text

Nuclear Energy : Advantage Or Disadvantage

Nuclear energy is commonly offered as an alternative to overcome the crisis of energy. The debate whether the use of nuclear energy is an appropriate choice or not, has not come to an end. Some people agree with the utilization of it because of its benefits. Some others, however, disagree because of its risks to the environment.

Those who agree with the operation of nuclear reactors usually argue that nuclear energy is the only feasible choice to answer the ever – increasing energy needs. In their opinion, the other sources of energy: oil, coal, and liquid natural gas are not renewable and safe, while nuclear energy can be sustainable when produced in a safe way.

However, people who disagree with the use of nuclear energy point out that the waste of nuclear products can completely destroy the environment and human lives. A meltdown in reactor, for example, usually results in the contamination of the surroundings soil and water. Take for example, the blow up of the nuclear reactor at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Station in Russia twenty years ago. The serious contamination imperiled people and the environment severely.

It is obvious that nuclear energy should be avoided because it really endangers the environment but what about a less polluted energy instead of nuclear energy. Is there any alternative energy to overcome the crisis of energy? In my opinion, nuclear energy is the best choice to overcome the crisis of energy. However, government should make sure that nuclear reactor’s construction and maintains are safe.

National Exam: Pro and Contra?

National exam becomes the hot topic in most of discussions among students, teachers, and parents. Some people believe that national exam is not necessary for students as a requirement to be able graduate from a school. In other hand, other people see national exam as an important indicator to know whether students have mastered all school materials or not. The debate among society about national examination goes on until now.

For people who agree, national exam is necessary for students as a requirement to graduate from a school. People who support the national exam explain that the quality of the Indonesia education will drop without the national exam, so they try to defend the current system. They also think that national examination can motivate students to study harder.

However there are people who disagree with the opinion. Those who against this national exam kept in school education say that it doesn’t need the national exams because the quality of education does not just depend on the national exam. Further, the national exam only measures a small portion of students’ competence in specific subjects, and does not measure students’ competences throughout the semester.

In conclusion, national examination can still be useful as an instrument to evaluate or detect the level of students’ cognitive competence in several subjects, on a national scale. However, it is not fair if only national exam score that judge whether students pass or not. Government should make a regulation that national exam is not the only requirement for students to graduate. There should be other requirements added such as students’ daily score, behavior, and achievement.

Pro and con of Computers for Students

Do you know that most schools and colleges strongly recommend students to have computers to help them achieve better results of learning. With computer connected to Internet, students can learn English online. They can make reports easily by using word processing software. They can play game to get of boredom. However, a computer can also give negative impacts for a student.

One thing that makes a computer useful is that students can use it to finish some assignments from schools. By connecting to Internet, they can easily surf and find any materials related to their lessons and assignments. They have unlimited resources from all over the worlds. Online libraries are open. A lot of book are free to download and read online. Finding friends from related field of study is not difficult anymore. They can work together to boost their best achievement. What more benefit is they can do all of that just by sitting on the a chair of their rooms. What amazing world it is, isn’t?

Although a computer has many benefits, it should be considered deeply. A computer certainly does not promote students to do and move more. A computes make students have less physical activities. Even not few of them forget to have lunch while they are playing certain game. They just sit in front of monitors. They are caught up in the mystique of the smart machines. In short, students who usually work with computers tend to have a few physical activities and exercises.

So what should students do? Should they avoid using computers? Of course “No”. Computer will make even greater benefits if physical activities are also promoted to done by the students.

The Impact of the Internet for Students

Internet has helped many people in all elements of life that the internet has contributed fully in social life. With internet, we can do anything, both the positive and negative things. As a medium of communication, internet can be used to communicate with other users worldwide.

Internet presence provides positive benefits for the world of information, but it also has many negative influences. Many students gain knowledge with the help of internet. In fact, school assignments are now noticeably easier to find on the internet. It is undeniable that internet gives effect to students. There is a positive effect, but there is also a negative influence of internet. It is just like a coin with two sides, depending on how we deal with it.

Many positive benefits that can be obtained by students from the internet if it is used wisely. However, there are also negative effects caused by internet. Here are some of the negative influences of the internet. Some news, both television and newspapers spread their child abduction or runaway cases of minors who are started from friendship or social networking sites on the internet. The nature of a child who easily trusts anyone allows that to happen.

Pornography is the negative influence of other internet. Not only adults who visit forbidden sites, but many students are considered frequent visitors to sites that contain pornographic images or stories. This of course is a very unfortunate situation. Addiction to online games that hit the students is also a negative influence of the internet. Addiction and dependency can make the students run out of time and energy to play. As a result, students’ achievement will decrease.

To counteract the negative effects of internet on the students, there are some things that must be done. One of them is parents have to always accompany their children when they’re accessing the internet. This is to ensure that children have access to the right site. Do not let children engrossed in playing internet, while the parents do not know the whereabouts of the children. If the internet facility is available at home, place the facility in a shared room. This is to facilitate parents supervising the children. If you have to use the facilities at the internet cafe, help the children to choose the “healthy” cafe. It would be wise, if you know the owner and the clerk there. This is to make it easier to supervise the children. The last, give the children a good understanding about the positive and negative effects of the Internet for them. Thus, you are already complete with castle defense.

It is hoped all parties, including parents, teachers, government and students jointly prevent negative impacts arising from the internet. The government is expected to block sites that are not good. Parents are also expected to pay more attention to their children so that children can continue to be monitored and not fall into things that are not good.

Sumber: http://britishcourse.com/discussion-text-definition-generic-structures-purposes-language-features.php

 

The Controversy of Harnessing Solar Energy

 

We often hear about solar cars, solar heating, and solar batteries. But will solar energy ever be a major source of energy for society?

Solar energy is cheaper than other fossil fuels because we can get an abundant source from the sun. in sunny desert area, 50% of the sun’s radiation that reach the ground could be used to produce electricity for businesses and industry and to provide heat, light, and hot water for homes. Experimental solar ponds can also produce hot water to drive generators.

Unfortunately, we can’t yet power our homes entirely on sunlight. Solar energy can only be used effectively in bright light. Its greatest potential therefore is in hot countries that have clear skies for most of the year. But, unfortunately most houses are not in the sunniest parts of the world. Moreover, in order to harness solar power solar cells are needed to convert sunlight directly into electricity. Solar cells are very cheap to run, but relatively expensive to buy and many people can’t afford them.

Needless to say, solar energy is useful and non-pollution source of energy. Unfortunately, solar cells, the main to harness the sun’s energy are still very expensive.

The Advantages and the Disadvantages of Nuclear Energy

Nuclear energy is commonly offered as an alternative to overcome the crisis of energy. The debate of whether the use of nuclear energy is an appropriate choice has not come to an end. Some people agree with the utilization of it because of its benefits. Some others, however, disagree because of its risks to the environment.

Those who agree with the operation of nuclear reactors usually argue that nuclear energy is the only feasible choice to answer the ever – increasing energy needs. In their opinion, the other sources of energy: oil, coal, and liquid natural gas are not renewable and safe, while nuclear energy can be sustainable when produced in a safe way.

However, people who disagree with the use of nuclear energy point out that the waste of nuclear products can completely destroy the environment and human lives. A meltdown in reactor, for example, usually results in the contamination of the surroundings soil and water. Take for example, the blow up of the nuclear reactor at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Station in Russia twenty years ago. The serious contamination imperiled people and the environment severely.

It is obvious that nuclear energy should be avoided because it really endanger the environment but what about a less polluted energy instead of nuclear energy? Are there any alternative energy to overcome the crisis of energy?