Analytical Exposition Text : Definition, Purposes, Generic Structures, Language Features

Analytical Exposition Text adalah text yang berisi tentang pemikiran terperinci penulis tentang sebuah penomena yang ada di sekitar. Text ini termasuk dalam text argumentative karena menunjukan suatu pendapat atau argument terhadap sesuatu. Fungsi sosial dari teks Analytical Exposition adalah untuk meyakinkan pembaca bahwa topik yang dihadirkan adalah topik yang penting untuk dibahas atau mendapat perhatian dengan cara pemberian argument-argument atau pendapat-pendapat yang mendukung main idea atau topik tersebut.

Definition of Analytical Exposition Text

Analytical Exposition is a text that elaborates the writer‘s idea about the phenomenon surrounding. Its social function is to persuade the reader that the idea is important matter, and to analyze the topic that the thesis/opinion is correct by developing an argument to support it.

(Analytical Exposition adalah teks yang menguraikan ide penulis tentang fenomena disekitar. Fungsi sosialnya adalah untuk membujuk pembaca bahwa ide itu adalah hal yang penting, dan untuk menganalisis topik yang tesis / pendapat itu benar dengan mengembangkan argumen untuk mendukungnya.)

Generic Structure of Analytical exposition Text

  •  Thesis: Introducing the topic and indicating the writer’s point of view. (Memperkenalkan topik dan menunjukkan sudut pandang penulis)
  •  Argument : Explaining the argument to support the writer’s position. The number of arguments may vary, but each argument must be supported by evidence and explanation. (Menjelaskan argumen untuk mendukung posisi penulis. Jumlah argumen mungkin berbeda, tetapi setiap argumen harus didukung oleh bukti-bukti dan penjelasan.)
  • Reiteration: Restating the writer’s point of view / to strengthen the thesis. We can use the following phrase to make conclusion in reiteration : (Menyatakan kembali sudut pandang penulis / untuk memperkuat tesis. Kita dapat menggunakan frase berikut untuk membuat kesimpulan dalam Reiteration :
  • From the fact above …
  • I personally believe …
  • Therefore, my conclusion is …
  • In conclusion …

The Characteristics / Language Feature of Analytical exposition Text:

  • Using relational process
  • Using internal conjunction
  • Using causal conjunction
  • Using Simple Present Tense
  • Using compound and complex sentence.
  • Use word that link argument, such as firstly, secondly, and reasoning through causal conjunction, such as in addition, furthermore, however, therefore.

Cars should be banned in the city

Cars should be banned in the city. As we all know, cars create pollution, and cause a lot of road deaths and other accidents.

Firstly, cars, as we all know, contribute to most of the pollution in the world. Cars emit a deadly gas that causes illnesses such as bronchitis, lung cancer, and ‘triggers’ of asthma. Some of these illnesses are so bad that people can die from them.

Secondly, the city is very busy. Pedestrians wander everywhere and cars commonly hit pedestrians in the city, which causes them to die. Cars today are our roads biggest killers.

Thirdly, cars are very noisy. If you live in the city, you may find it hard to sleep at night, or concentrate on your homework, and especially talk to someone.

In conclusion, cars should be banned from the city for the reasons listed.

Is Smoking Good for Us?

Before we are going to smoke, it is better to look at the fact. About 50 thousands people die every year in Britain as direct result of smoking. This is seven times as many as die in road accidents. Nearly a quarter of smokers die because of diseases caused by smoking.

Ninety percent of lung cancers are caused by smoking. If we smoke five cigarettes a day, we are six times more likely to die of lung cancer than a non smoker. If we smoke twenty cigarettes a day, the risk is nineteen greater. Ninety five percent of people who suffer of bronchitis are people who are smoking. Smokers are two and half times more likely to die of heart disease than non smokers.

Additionally, children of smoker are more likely to develop bronchitis and pneumonia. In one hour in smoky room, non smoker breathes as much as substance causing cancer as if he had smoked fifteen cigarettes.

Smoking is really good for tobacco companies because they do make much money from smoking habit. Smoking however is not good for everybody else.